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John Newland

John Newland

Male 1743 - 1833  (90 years)

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  • Name John Newland 
    Born 1743 
    Gender Male 
    Property 1773 
    gave permission for use of his land to establish road form his house to the lead mines (present day Wythe County) 
    Military 2 Jun 1774 
    a John "Nuland" on list of Robert Doack's Company of Militia, dated this date. Also on list: George Douglass 
    Individual Note 1777  Montgomery County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    a John "Nowland" on list of those who took state oath before James McGavok, 1777. Also on list: George Douglass 
    Military 15 Mar 1781  Guildford County, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    present at Battle of Guilford Court House 
    Property 1785 
    purchased 4 parcels of land from Alexander Ewing; land located on Cripple Creek; totalled 710 acres 
    Individual Note Aug 1793  Wythe County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    witness to deed, whereby George Douglass of Lincoln Co and James Douglass of Wythe Co sold parcel of land - 330 acres on both sides of Cripple Creek; witnesses James Newell, Elisha Green, Betsey Newell, John Newland 
    Residence 1810  Wythe County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Residence 1820  Evensham, Wythe County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Will 13 Apr 1831  Wythe County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    will made; named deceased son Ezekiel 
    Died 16 Apr 1833  Wythe County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Will 13 May 1833  Wythe County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    will proven in court 
    Buried Wythe County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Newland Family Cemetery
    Person ID I1697  My Family Tree
    Last Modified 30 Sep 2018 

    Last Modified 28 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F409  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    +1. Ezekial Newland,   b. 1766–1784,   d. CA 1817  (Age 33 years)
     2. Polly Newland
     3. John Newland
     4. Sarah Newland
     5. Ellizabeth Newland
     6. Jessee Newland
     7. William Newland
     8. Henry Newland
     9. Joseph Newland
     10. Isaac Newland
    Last Modified 30 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F415  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos

  • Notes 
    • John is listed in the DAR Patriot Index.  
      John (Rev. War Patriot) Newland
      Born 1743 in VA
      Died 16 April 1833 in Blue Springs, Cripple Creek, Wythe Co.VA.
      Three Marriages:
      (1) Margaret Bess/Best Abt. 1768 in VA, daughter of AbrahamBess/Best/Biss and Isabella [--]. She was born Abt. 1749 in VA, and died Abt.1776 in Wythe Co. [Montgomery Co.] VA.
      (2) Savina Waggoner Abt. 1780 in VA. She was born Abt. 1751in VA, and died 1801 in Wythe Co. VA.
      (3) Elizabeth (nee Wright) Gannaway 23 August 1803 in WytheCo. VA. She was born Abt. 1757 in Wythe Co. VA, and died 31 January 1835 inWythe Co. VA.
      John married Mary Bess/Best before 1769. They had 4children, Ezekial, John Jr., Isaac, & Joseph. Joseph being born in 1776 at the beginning of the Revolutionary War. Margaret died between 1776 & 1780, leaving 4 small children.
      John remarried in about 1780, to Savina Waggoner. Soon they began their own family with a baby coming about every 2 years. They had 10children all together, Abraham, Sarah, Henry, William, Mary, Jesse, David,Lydia, Elizabeth, & James.
      John remarried a third time, to Elizabeth Gannaway, a widow who had 12 children. She & John combined their families. Several of the grown children had probably left home already. In Mar 1809, John &Elizabeth relinquished all rights in lifetime property held under the LWT of her late husband, Wm. Gannaway. John provided for her in his will. They had no children together.
      John is listed in the DAR Patriot Index 1966 as a private from NC. He fought in The Battle of Guilford Court House. He also provided rotten hemp for the Revolutionary cause. The Public Service claims he had for provisions [lost blanket] furnished during the Revolution were paid [8shillings] in Montgomery Co. VA on 8 May 1882 ( Annals of SW VA pp 771-772).
      John appears on Capt. Robert Doak's tithable lists of 1772& 1773, also appears as part of Capt. Doak's Militia Company in 1774. In the book "Dunmore's War", pages 400 & 403, he is listed as stationed at the Maiden Spring Station in 1774. In 1782, he received 8shillings from the state following the battle of "Guildford Court House" in NC. Source: Michael E. Keesling, "Keeslings From Up On Cripple Creek", Private, 1986, Culpepper, VA
      "In Ruby Altizer Robert's book "Montgomery County's Revolutionary Heritage" a John Nowland [?Newland) is found on a list of persons who took the following oath before James McGavok (McGavock)that was submitted on September 6, 1777:
      One person questioned John's participation in the Battle of Guilford Courthouse...
      The Revolutionary service of our John Newland of Wythe Co.(at that time Fincastle then Mont. Co. VA) is a bit less concrete. He obviously served in the Fincastle Co. militia company of Captain Daniel Smith for at least 8 days in Sept. 1774 during Dunmore's War against the Indians. He was part of the garrison for that length of time at the Maiden Springs Station(fort). There is nothing to suggest that he was at the Battle of Point Pleasant in Oct., though it is probable that Abraham & Isaac Newland, (the presumed brothers of our John Newland) were there in Captain Evan Shelby's company of militia. They each served 120 days at that time. At about this time, or sometime during the Revolution John also served in the militia company of Captain Robert Doaks.
      It also seems certain that our John Newland was with a Montgomery Co. militia company in the "Guilford Courthouse campaign,"in March of 1781, though it is unlikely, even doubtful, that he was present for that battle. The bulk of the Montgomery Co. militia was engaged & forced to beat a hasty retreat at the Battle of Reedy Fork [aka Whitsell's Mill] on March6 leading up to the Battle of Guilford Courthouse on the 15th. The militia's night camp was overrun & they lost all their supplies & equipment. With the loss of their blankets & other material the bulk of the Montgomery Co.militia apparently simply went back home, & were not present at the big battle nine days later. It is for this loss of supplies & equipment that our John Newland was reimbursed by the county in May 1782.
      All or portions of the Montgomery Co. militia were repeatedly called out during the Revolution to counter Indian and/or Tory threats, including defending the lead mines about 12-15 miles from John Newland's home. How often John Newland was present, if at all, cannot be determined. There is also the possibility that some militia from Montgomery Co.VA were at the Battles of King's Mountain or Shallow Ford in Oct. 1780 in SC& Cowpens in Jan. 1781. The sources I have seen on-line do not allow a definite statement on that point. 
      I am inclined to discount any claims made in DAR applications or elsewhere regarding our John Newland's Revolutionary War service until I have seen some hard evidence. There were obviously two John Newlands from VA, one in the regular state troops & the other (ours) in the militia, & they have been hopelessly confused by Newland family history researchers for decades
      Gerald Carr also notes: John Newland [1743-1833] last of Wythe Co. VA served in the county militias of Fincastle Co. VA [in1774-documented] & of Montgomery Co. VA [in 1781-documented] No other service can be proven for him, nor can it be proven with any certainty that hewas at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse on Mar. 15, 1781; in fact this is unlikely. However, a John Newland/Newlin of Frederick Co. VA, last of Ross Co.OH was a private in the 4th VA regiment at the battle of Guilford Courthouse.He received both bounty land & later a pension for his service.
      Whereas, John Newland of Wythe Co. VA would never have received bounty land for his service, nor a pension. Bounty land warrants were only issued for service in the Continental or State "line" [i.e.regular] regiments or Navy. Pensions for VA county militia service were not granted until 1832 & then only to "destitute" militia veterans,which this John Newland was not."
      During the years following the war, John Newland acquired a great deal of wealth, in land & slaves. In 1785, he purchased 4 parcels of land on Cripple Creek (Wythe Co. VA) totalling 710 acres from Alexander Ewing.He gave permission for the use of his land to establish a road from his house to the lead mines as early as 1773 (Wythe Co. VA, Deed Bk 2, p 320). He bought640 acres from Alexander Green in Davidson Co. TN in 1797 & in 1796 bought365 acres from James Robertson in Davidson Co. TN.
      On 24 Dec 1825, John & James Newland conveyed 11 acres to the Trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Cedar Springs. John's daughter, Elizabeth, had married the minister, Zachariah Mitchell. This land was used to build the Asbury Methodist Church, cemetery, & campground.
      John Newland's 2 story home on Cripple Creek (Wythe Co. VA)was built with hand made red brick [probably by slave labor]. The home sits a quarter mile from the banks of Cripple Creek. The home was next occupied by the James Newland (John's youngest son). James then passed the estate to his son,Preston Newland. The Newland home place remained in the family for 5generations. James Newland later built a new home east of Cedar Springs onCripple Creek. This is next to the Newland family cemetery where John Newland,James, & Preston & other family members are buried.
      John wrote his will in Apr. 1831 & it was proved 13 May1833 in Wythe Co. VA. For his children that predeceased him, he named his children. He wrote the will so every child would receive a portion of his estate & he provided for his wife, Elizabeth. He also set up the sale of his estate & the division of his slaves by drawing lots. John had about 24slaves at the time of his death. He made a special provision for Betty, an older slave, who was infirm, & also a young boy named Jack was to go with her to son in law, Zachariah Mitchell. (Elizabeth's husband).
      "4 May 1774, Fincastle Co. VA. Thos. Maxwell, assignee of John Caffey, governor's warrant, 200 acres on the North & Middle Forks of Cripple Creek joining patent land of James DOUGLASS on both forks &patent land of John Newland on the Middle Fork " [p 9]
      26 Sept 1781, Mont. Co. VA, Alexander Ewing withdraws an entry of 300 acres made 2d Nov last as assignee of Minitree Jones & enters same on south side of John Newland's patent land starting at the upper side& running down to Alexr. Ewing's line [p 69]
      1781, Mont. Co. VA, Minitree Jones withdraws 300 acres &assigns warrant to Alexander Ewing who enters same on Cripple Creek at RoaringSpring, joining John Newland & James DOUGLAS on north side thereof & to include improvements & down wards opposite to Douglass' still house (withdrawn)" [p 29]
      Source: "Early Adventurers on Western Waters Vol II,The New River of VA in Pioneer Days 1745-1800, By Mary Kegley Green Publishers,Orange, VA

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