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James Crow

James Crow

Male 1750 - 1819  (69 years)

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  • Name James Crow 
    Born 1750 
    • unknown source for this date
    • enumerated on 1810 census as being over the age of 45, placing his birth prior to 1765
    Gender Male 
    Misc 21 Jun 1764  Augusta County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Walter Crow, previously of Delaware, acquired 343 acres of land "on head of a draft of Linville's Creek on Daniel Harrison's Road" in Augusta, now Rockingham County, Virginia. 
    Alternate Birth Bef 1765 
    enumerated on 1810 census as being over the age of 45 
    Residence 1778  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    circuit court records, in case of Christopher Acklin vs. Francis Walker, show that James settled in Wolf Hill Tract in 1778. WHT was first surveyed in 1750, and is now the town of Abingdon 
    • SETTLED IN WOLF HILL TRACT
      1778
      Washington County, Virginia
      circuit court records, in case of Christopher Acklin vs. Francis Walker, show that James settled in Wolf Hill Tract in 1778. WHT was first surveyed in 1750, and is now the town of Abingdon

      See: CHRONICLES OF THE SCOTCH-IRISH SETTLEMENT OF VIRGINIA; Vol 2, p 67by Lyman Chalkley
    Military 7 Oct 1780  South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Battle of King's Mountain; Washington County Militia; Captain James Dysart's Company, under the command of Col. Wm. Campbell 
    • BATTLE OF KINGS MOUNTAIN
      October 7, 1780
      James Crow, of Washington County, participated in the Battle of Kings Mountain, as a member of the Washington County Militia; Captain James Dysart's Company, under the command of Col. Wm. Campbell

      His account is included in "Kings Mountain and is Heros" by Lyman C. Draper; Page 584; statement made by James in 1813

      "When charged, we ran down the mountain a small distance, not more than twenty or thirty paces. I saw Col. Campbell not far from us. As the enemy turned we turned. When the British flag was raised, I was in less than the length of my gun of Col. Campbell, when he close round the enemy. DePeyster, the British commander, was sitting on a grey beast, and addressed Col. Campbell, referring to the firing after the flag was raised: "Col. Campbell, it was damned unfair," and repeated the words a second time. The Colonel made him no reply, but ordered him to dismount."
    Misc 18 May 1784  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Juror: a James Crow member of jury in the case of Esther Rafferty v Samuel Kincart, in debt 
    Tax List 1786  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 200 
    Tax List 1787  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 200 and 300 
    Tax List 1787  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Personal Tax List: James Crow, chargeable with tax; White titables over 21: James Crow; white males age 16-25 - none; blacks - none; 7 horses; 17 cattle 
    Property 11 Sep 1787  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    purchased 300 acres of land in Washington County from William Kennedy; names in land description: Francis Berry; Reed and Henry land; Samuel Henry's line; land is that granted to Wm Kennedy by Commonwealth of Va 22 June 1785, surveyed on 15 mile creek 
    • PROPERTY
      11 September 1787
      Washington County, Virginia

      Washington County, Virginia Deed Book 1, Page 59
      This Indenture made the eleventh day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven between William Kennedy of the one part and James Crow of the other part, both of the County of Washington in the Commonwealth of Virginia Witnesseth: That the said William Kennedy for and inconsideration of the sum of two hundred and thirty pounds, current money of Virginia, to him in hand paid, doth bargain and sell unto the said James Crow and his heirs a certain tract or parcel of land in the said County of Washington containing three hundred acres by survey and granted to the said William Kennedy by the Commonwealth of Virginia bearing date the twenty second day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty five as surveyed on the fifteen mile creek and bounded as follows to wit: Beginning at a white oak and black oak on a ridge, a corner to Francis Berry’s land and with Berry’s line, north forty two and a half degrees west one hundred and forty poles to a white oak and black oak by the knobs, north thirty eight degrees, east two hundred and eighty three poles to a hickory and white oak, south seventy two degrees east seventy six poles to a hickory and white oak, south forty one degrees, east eighty poles to a double chestnut corner to Reeds and Henry’s land, south twenty three degrees,west forty nine poles to two chestnuts on Samuel Henry’s line, south forty degrees, west two hundred and seventy one poles to the beginning, together with the appurtenances to have and to hold the said tract or parcel of land with all its appurtenances to the said James Crow and his heirs forever and to the said William Kennedy for himself and his heirs, that he the said William Kennedy and his heirs, the said land with all the appurtenances unto the said James Crow and his heirs against all persons whatever, will forever warrant and defend, in witness whereof the said William Kennedy hath hereunto subscribed his name and affixed his seal the day and year above written.
      William Kennedy

      With a Court held for Washington County, September the eleventh day one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven
      This deed of bargain and sale from William Kennedy to James Crow exhibited in court and acknowledged in court by the said William Kennedy, his wife Martha being first privately examined and ordered to be recorded
      Teste:
      Andrew Russell e.d.w.c.

      Present-day location: along 15 Mile Creek; to the south of Abingdon, along present-day Rt. 677/Watauga Road; to southwest of intersection of Watauga Road and Stonewall Jackson Highway.
      By probate papers (assigning dower), can tell that James owned property on both sides of the creek.

    Tax List 1788  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 200 and 300 
    Tax List 1789  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Misc 6 Aug 1789  Rockingham County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Named in Walter Crow's will: Walter Crow, in his will of this date, named son James Crow 
    • WALTER CROW'S WILL
      August 6, 1789
      Rockingham County, Virginia

      Walter Crow executed will this date; named wife Ann; children Mary Harnsberry, JAMES, John, William, Benjamin, Jacob, Nancy Gregg, Rachel Harnett. Executors - wife Ann and son William
    Tax List 1790  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1791  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1792  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1793  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1794  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1795  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1796  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1797  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1797  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Personal Tax List: James Crow listed on personal tax list for county, with 1 white male over the age of 16; no blacks; 7 horses 
    Tax List 1798  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1799  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1800  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1801  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Misc 4 Jan 1801  Abingdon, Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    wrote letter to William and Jacob Crow, near Danville, Kentucky; mentions Benjamin Crow, who had sold his land; their mother, who was in good health; also lawsuit and Ragan's testimony; will be filing affidavit 
    Tax List 1802  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Misc 3 Aug 1802  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    case of McWilliams vs. Hollingshead, 1803, re: land on Linville’s Creek, James Crow, of Washington Co, wrote letter this date, acknowledge request to get the deposition of Jeremiah Ragin; he knew Ragin 35 years ago; Ragin and father lived near neighbors 
    Misc 27 Jan 1803  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    daughter Ann married James McKinney; they were married by minister Edward Crawford, who was the minister of the Glade Spring Presbyterian Church, located northeast of Abingdon 
    Tax List 1804  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1805  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1806  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1806  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow enumerated on 1806 Washington County, Virginia Personal Property List (lower district) with 1 white, no blacks over 16, no blacks under 16, and 7 horses. George and Lewis Crow also on list 
    Tax List 1807  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1809  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1810  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Residence 1810  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow enumerated on census with 1 male age 10-15, 1 over the age of 45; 1 female over the age of 45, and 2 slaves 
    • CENSUS READING: 1810
      Washington County, Virginia
      James Crow enumerated on census with 1 male age 10-15, 1 over the age of 45; 1 female over the age of 45, and 2 slaves; listed between James McKinney and Lewis Crow

    Tax List 1811  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1812  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1813  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 
    Tax List 1814  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 on 15 mile creek 
    Misc 1815  Abingdon, Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    wrote letter to William Crow of Lincoln County, Kentucky; in response to William Crow's letter of November 9, 1815[ accused Wm. of being unjust, not distributing money in timely fashion, and then not paying interest on that money 
    Tax List 1816  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 on 15 mile creek 
    Tax List 1817  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 on 15 mile creek 
    Tax List 1818  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 on 15 mile creek 
    Tax List 1819  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 on 15 mile creek 
    Died 1819 
    • between May 3, 1819 and August 17, 1819
    Will 3 May 1819  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    executed will; witnessed by George Delap; John Berry; David Berry; names wife (not identified); daughters Margaret Deche; Rachel Williams; Ann McKinney (her children); Elizabeth Kennedy; Phoeba White; Jane Long; Hannah Gollaher; son Lewis Crow 
    Probate 17 Aug 1819  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    will produced to Washington County court; proven on oaths of John and David Berry; John Galliher took oath of executor; executor's bond $4,000, with Patterson Fletcher, James Newland, James Woodside, and Lewis Foneray securities 
    Probate 26 Aug 1819  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    inventory of James Crow estate compiled 
    Tax List 1820  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow Estate appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 300 on 15 mile creek 
    Property 6 Nov 1820  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    100 acres of land in Washington County, on both sides of 15 mile creek, set out for Jane Crow as dower 
    Tax List 1821  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow Estate appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 200 on 15 mile creek; Jane 100 on 15 mile creek 
    Tax List 1822  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    James Crow Estate appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 200 on 15 mile creek; Jane 100 on 15 mile creek 
    Probate 30 Jan 1822  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Settlement of James Crow estate filed in Washington County court; recorded June 18, 1822 
    Probate 6 Nov 1822  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    settlement of James Crow estate; distribution of proceeds from sale of land and slaves; distribution to Lewis Crow; James Crow, son of George; Peter Decherd & wife; James Williams & wife; Jacob Long & wife; John Galliher & wife. John Galliher, executor 
    Tax List 1823  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Jane Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 100 on 15 mile creek 
    Tax List 1824  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Jane Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 100 on 15 mile creek 
    Tax List 1825  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Jane Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 100 on 15 mile creek 
    Tax List 1826  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Jane Crow appears on Washington County Virginia Tax list; 100 on 15 mile creek 
    Misc John Finley Crow, grandson of Walter, noted that Walter had a son James, who settled in Abingdon, Va. The eldest son, James raised a family of three sons & seven daughters, & died at a good old age, a member of the Presbyterian Church in good circumstances 
    Misc Slaves: James, in his will, stated that his wife 'may keep Will & Juda.' Estate settlement also shows distribution of proceeds from sale of slaves, which occurred after Jane's death. Sale was of 2 slaves, an old woman and man; brought 400 
    Probate Jan 1828  Washington County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    settlement of James Crow Estate 
    Person ID I15722  My Family Tree
    Last Modified 26 Oct 2018 

    Father Walter Crow,   b. Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aug 1789–Sep 1789 
    Relationship Birth 
    Married
    • Mary C. Bowen, in her work entitled "Crow Family History," references memoirs of John Finley Crow, son of Benjamin Crow and grandson of Walter Crow, written in 1848. Crow states that his "paternal grandmother Mary Stuart was from Scotland and a Presbyterian." His "paternal grandfather, having emigrated from England settled in St. George's Hundred, New Castle County, Delaware. For a number of years he kept a public house of some notoriety at the Sign of the "Three Sons," but some 12 or 15 years before the commencement of the Revolutionary War, he emigrated to Virginia and settled near the spot on which Harrisonburg, Rockingham County, was afterward built." He further stated that his paternal grandfather (Walter) "had several brothers, some of whom settled on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, while one migrated still farther South into the Carolinas." They all belonged to the Church of England.

      Next, he states that his grandfather (Walter) raised a family of five sons: James, John, William, Benjamin and Jacob, and three daughters: Polly, Nancy, and Rachel. The eldest son James settled near Abingdon, Washington Co., Virginia, where having raised a family of three sons and seven daughters he died at a good old age, a member of the Presbyterian Church in good circumstances.

      *note - the actual text from the memoirs is NOT included in Ms. Bowen's work. (but now have partial copy from an ancestry tree)


      Assuming this is our Walter, and that he truly married a Mary Stuart - we do not know when they wed, and we do not know when she died.

      We DO know that Walter named wife "Anne" in his will.

      We do NOT know if this is the same person, and if not, when Walter and Anne married.

      Walter named eight children in his will. We do NOT know the mother - Mary or Anne - for any of these children.
    Family ID F45  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Children 
     1. Ann Crow,   b. Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1818-1819  [Birth]
    Last Modified 26 Oct 2018 
    Family ID F3394  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos


  • Notes 
    • JOHN FINLEY CROW MEMOIRS
      John Finley Crow, grandson of Walter, noted that Walter had a son James, who settled in Abingdon, Va. The eldest son, James raised a family of three sons & seven daughters, & died at a good old age, a member of the Presbyterian Church in good circumstances

      LEGAL PROCEEDING
      records of the case of McWilliams vs. Hollingshead, 1803, show a connection between James of Washington County, Virginia, and the Linville Creek area of Rockingham County, Virginia, where Walter settled.

      From CHRONICLES OF THE SCOTCH-IRISH SETTLEMENT OF VIRGINIA; Vol 2, pages 46-47 by Lyman Chalkley   

      "SEPTEMBER, 1803.    McWilliams vs. Hollingshead--Certificate that patent issued to Wm.Skillern for 343 acres on draft of Linville's Creek, 30th August, 1743. Patent by Dinwiddie to Alexr. Herring, 10th September, 1755, 200 acres on So. Br. Linville's Creek, corner Saml. Harrison. Patent by Jefferson, 1st March, 1781, to Walter Crow, 216 acres by survey dated 15th April, 1780,in Rockingham on a draft of Linville's Creek, where he now lives, cornerLeonard Herring, Jerry Raggins line. Ditto, February, 1781, to Leonard Herrin, 88 acres on drafts of So. Br. of Linville's Creek. DittoBenj. Harrison, 3d April, 1784, to Jno. Currey, 350 acres by survey, 1771,in Augusta on Linville's Creek; 240 acres thereof was patented to Saml.Harrison, 16th August, 1756, and conveyed by him to Wm. Mintor, 19th October, 1762, and by Mintor to Jno. Currey by deed recorded in Amherst,Walter Crow's land. Original deed, 27th May, 1799, Abraham Peery and Joseph Hall, of Rockingham, to Gordon McWilliams' grantors, undividedshare in 137-1/2 acres in Rockingham, patented to grantors and grantee,jointly, 21st May, 1799. Recorded Rockingham, July Court, 1802. Willof Walter Crow, dated 6th August, 1789, recorded in Rockingham, 4th September, 1789, and 26th October, 1789. Deposition Jeremiah Harrison at Woodford Courthouse, 14th July, 1801; was a processioner 27 or 28 yearsin Augusta; taken before Jno. Obannon, Henry Watkins, E. Wooldridge.Patent by Gooch, 30th August, 1743, to Wm. Skillern, 343 acres on Linvill's Creek on both sides the Irish Road, Daniel Harrison's path. Letter from James Crow, Washington County, Va., 3d August, 1802, acknowledges request to get the deposition of Jeremiah Ragin; he knew Ragin 35 years ago; Ragin and James' father lived near neighbors



      JAMES CROW AND HIS WIFE JANE
      ames Crow, in his will written May 3, 1819, mentioned his wife, but not by name.
        He left her a third of his estate ,the mansion house, and a third of the plantation where she lived.  He also provided that she could keep Will & Juda (slaves) for her lifetime. 

       
      Probate records show that at the time of his death, James was married to a lady named "Jane"  In 1820, commissioners laid off dower of "Jane Crow in the land wheeof James Cros her husband died seized ...." 

       
      We do not know when James and Jane married. 

       
      Thus, we do not know which of James' children were born to Jane. 

       
      We presume that son Lewis was Jane's son.

       
      Jane wrote her will on February 8, 1825.   She left everything to "son Lewis"  

      None of James's other children were mentioned. 

       
      Accordingly, we list Lewis as being the son of James and Jane.  At this time, until further documentation is found, we List James's other eight children as being the children of James and an 'unknown' mother. 


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